Generally, different types of paint are available in the market by various brands. The paint is a good aesthetic material to show our building looking good and it also restricts from corrosion.
Apart from aesthetics, the paint applied over a surface of wood, metal, concrete as a protective coat.
Actually, the paint classified based on its technical requirement for the structure. Before, to know the different types of paint let we have look at the function of Paint.
Function of Paint
- To protect the surfaces of elements from the weathering effects of the atmosphere and other liquids or gases.
- Paint gives a smooth surface and a decorative appearance to the surface.
- To prevent decay of wooden members and also prevent corrosion of steel surfaces.
Types of Paint
The different types of paint have explained below along with its uses.
By economically oil paint is very cheap and easy to apply on the surface. Oil paint is generally applied in the format of three coats namely Prime, undercoat & finishing coats.
Oil paint possesses good opacity and low gloss and not suitable during damp weather.
An aluminium paint does not corrode in seawater. Aluminium paint contains aluminium powder in spirit varnish.
- It has high electrical resistance.
- It has Good heat resistance capacity.
- Aluminium paint has Good visibility in darkness.
Mostly the aluminium paint used for painting the radiator, gas tank, oil tank and hot water pipes.
Asbestos paints are distinctive types of paint and it is mostly applied on the surface which has contact with acidic gases and steam.
The Bituminous Paint is made by dissolving asphalt of petroleum oil. Its look black colour and used for painting ironwork underwater.
The cellulose paint manufactured by nitrocotton, celluloid sheets and photographic films.
The main advantage of cellulose paint is not affected by contact with hot water and the surface will stand in extreme degrees of cold and hot.
The cement paint consists of cement, hydrated lime mixed with a colouring pigment. The cement paints are available in powder format and we can use by mixing of required water.
Sand is often added as an inert material to make the paint economically.
- It is economical compared to oil paint.
- The cement paint suitable for painting fresh plaster having high alkalinity.
There is no inert materials are added in these types of paint. Colloidal paint is used to paint internal and external surfaces.
In this process of settlement, it penetrates the surface and it requires more time to settle.
This type of paint contains polyvinyl acetate and synthetic resin as binding materials. It dries within 2 hours and easy to apply on the wall or wood surfaces.
- It posses good alkali resistance.
- Emulsion paint colour is retained for a long period.
The emulsion paint is mostly used for painting steel or wood surfaces.
These types of paints are developed by mixing of resinous matter along with white lead or Zinc and little quantity of petroleum.
Enamel paints are applied on the timber surfaces like wood, door and these paints are used both internal and external surface.
- After dry, It forms a hard and durable surface.
- It is not affected by cold and hot water.
- Little expensive.
The graphite paints are looks black colour and it is used in underground railways and mines.
Graphite paints are applied in iron surfaces which are in contact with ammonia, chlorine and sulphur gases.
The luminous paints surface shines in darkness it contains calcium sulphide mixed with varnish.
The luminous paint is applied on the surfaces which are free from corrosion or any other lead paint.
Silica paint is prepared by mixing calcined & silica with resinous substance. The surface should not be painted with silicate paint in hot weather and the surface should be wet before painting.
- It can be applied directly on brick, plastering or concrete surfaces.
- It resists against alkali attack.
- Silicate paint has no chemical action on metals.
Anti-corrosive paint is cheap but has good durability and easy to apply. It consists of oil, chromium oxide or lead and sand.
The plastic paint is the finest types of paint and it posses attractive appearance. The plastic paint has been applied on the surface either by brush or spray gun.
It is available in the market by different trade name. These type of paint mostly used for painting auditorium, showroom and movie theatres.
Synthetic Rubber Paint
The rubber paint is little affected by sunlight and weather. It is easy to apply on the surface and it contains excellent chemical resisting property.
You may be interested to read Types of Cement