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There are various types of foundation used to build structures based on the bearing capacity of the soil, type of building and other parameters. We have covered the broad types of foundation such as shallow foundations and deep foundation. The continuous footing is one of them. Definition The continuous footing…

We know there are two concrete strength testing methods, such as destructive test method and Non-destructive method. We use both methods to check the compressive strength and characteristic strength of concrete. But both test methods can be applied to concrete cubes only after 28 days because the concrete requires proper…

We often get confused about using these terms – Development Length, Anchorage Length, and Lap Length. What is the development length? The steel reinforcement that is prolonged into concrete to avoid steel slippage and to transfer the load to the concrete bond smoothly is known as¬†Development length or Anchorage Length.…

The red bricks are the commonly used material in building construction. The strength and durability of red bricks are so good, but those bricks are manufactured from natural resources (Soil), and it is very harmful to the environment. At present, the M sand is the alternative construction material for river…

We all knew the concrete is strong in compression and weak against tensile force. The steel reinforcement has been used to enhance the concrete tensile strength. The steel is smoothly merged with the concrete and turned as a homogeneous element reinforced cement concrete. What Fe (number) means on reinforcement drawings?…

What is Prestressed Concrete? Prestressed concrete (PSC) is the composite of concrete and prestressed high tensile tendons. In PSC, the internal stress has been introduced under controlled circumstances before loading, to improve the shrinkage resistance of concrete and avoid the tensile cracks. High tensile strength wires are used in prestressed…

Skirting or Dado!. Please don’t get confused, let’s see in detail. What are Skirting tiles? The tiles laid at the junction of walls and floors up to 3-4 inch height are known as skirting tiles. Purpose of Skirting The primary purpose of skirting is to preserve the wall bottom from…

The strength and durability of concrete depend on many factors, as listed below. Workability of concrete Water cement ratio A proper mix ratio of concrete Proper workmanship Compaction of concrete Compaction of concrete is the process of consolidating fresh concrete after pouring it over the shuttering area, covering the reinforcement…