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Specific Gravity is defined as the ratio between the volume of any given material to the volume of the same quantity of water. The value ranges from 0.1-100 for any given material. In simple, It is used to index the floating ability of materials. If the value ranges below <1,…

The cement reacts with water and turns into a paste to form a layer on other ingredients to make the (concrete) bond stronger.  The optimum quantity of water and cement produces a strong, homogeneous mix material that gives consistency to the concrete or mortar.  What is the consistency test of…

Cement acts as a binding agent in concrete, which blends with other materials quickly and makes the concrete as a strong homogeneous element.  The durability of the concrete depends on the properties of cement. The setting time of cement is one of the essential properties of cement.  What is meant…

Every time we calculate the concrete or cement mortar calculation, We use 1.54 constant to get a dry volume of ingredients. But why exactly 1.54 why not 1.75? What is the reason behind that? Its simple. Adding Bulking of Sand & Void Ratio Compressibility 1. Bulking of Sand – Up…

The strength and durability of the structure depend on the properties of cement. The fineness of the cement test is conducted to find whether the cement has been grind well or not. What is the fineness of cement? The fineness represents the particle size of cement. It should not be…

The cement is highly consumable material in construction activities. The primary role of cement is to act as a binding agent to bind the ingredients and make the element strong.  The durability of the structure depends on the quality and types of cement used for construction. In a nutshell, the…

Curing is the process of developing concrete strength. During the process of curing of concrete absorbs the necessary water for its complete chemical action to reach its maximum strength.

In an earlier post, we had discussed the cost estimation for different construction activity. Now, we are going to see the rate analysis for plastering. Before analysis, understand the general aspects of Rate analysis of civil works. Plastering Rate Analysis Basis The following points have to be considered while analyzing…

We are using many types of cement to make an excellent concrete which withstands any possible failure situation by the types of loads acting on the structure. But it’s not a single thing that assists the concrete to make it great. There are a set of properties… Here we are…

Totally 17 types of cement used in the construction field and Portland Slag cement is one among them. We have already discussed White Cement Sulphate Resisting Cement High Alumina Cement Rapid Hardening Cement In this post, we are going to discuss Portland Slag Cement What is Portland Slag Cement?  PSC is a…

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