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Surveying is an essential preliminary step for any construction work. The whole site plan determines the structure of a building or a site. We have numerous methods of surveying to understand the nature of a plot. Chain Surveying Plane Table Surveying Compass Surveying Topographic Surveying etc All it does is…

What exactly would we look if we were purchasing a flat or house? (Apart from – Difference Between Carpet, Built-Up and Super Built area) Definitely, we would pay attention to how many bedrooms, toilets & other rooms are there. That’s what exactly the term “BHK” denotes.  BHK Full-Form – Bedroom,…

The brick size will vary based on different country standards. The standard size of brick has been mentioned in IS code 1077. Brick Size in India In general, there are four standard sizes of bricks used in India. Modular Brick / Metric Bricks – 190 x 90 x 90 mm.…

Like types of chains used in chain surveying, there are equipment and accessories that are used in plane table surveying. Each instrument contributes to the performance of the plane table surveying.  As parallelism is the principle of the plane table survey, the following items help to attain that perfectly. Plane…

Unlike brickwork or any masonry calculation, calculation of painting area for joineries such as doors, fences, windows grills, fences and shutters is a little bit tricky. Since every item comes with different designs (Open, closed designs) and girth, we can’t measure it as a flat surface. Meanwhile, we can’t ignore…

A structure built by different kinds of construction material consists of various chemical constituents.  As per IS Code, many tests would be conducted to define the quality and strength of the material involved in the construction process.  The construction material must sustain the following conditions to make the structure durable.…

The material wastage is the major problem in construction that affects the project cost significantly. Some material wastages like bricks that could be reusable for brick bat coba, and some can’t be reused again in construction. However, we can not completely stop the wastages from happening while working, but we…

Choosing the right size and grade of aggregates impact the overall strength of concrete. The aggregates are taken out from the natural resources and classified into different grades. Grading of aggregates helps to identify the right aggregates for any construction works. Advantages of Aggregates Available in many locations Low cost…

Many innovations are evolving in the construction industry to enhance the strength and durability of the structure.  Concrete, A major construction material that is strong in compression and weak in tensile load. So the steel reinforcement has been embedded to stabilize the concrete against the tensile force.  Though the reinforced…

Have you ever wondered why builders or developers only build upto a certain number of floors? Is it really the budget issue? Definitely not. The FSI regulations imposed by DTCP restricts it. What is the Floor Space Index? Floor Space Index (FSI) is the ratio between the total area of…

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