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Different types of foundations will be selected based on the soil density, bearing capacity to make the structure strong and durable. However, a small amount of displacement will happen during construction or after the construction of the structure by the load occurrence regardless of the foundation.  What is meant by…

The bearing capacity of the soil determines the type of foundation selection.  The maximum capacity of the soil that supports the structural load without any shear failure or settlement is called the bearing capacity of the soil. It is calculated in load per unit area. One of the tests that…

We knew that the improper compaction of concrete would reduce the strength of the concrete element. Same applies for soil. Both the compaction and consolidation process is involved in construction to make changes in the volume of soil.  Since the ground soil is often removed from its origin for different…

The primary function of the foundation is to transmit the different types of loads from the structure to the ground soil. There are two major types of foundation used to construct any structure such as  Shallow foundation Deep foundation When the depth of the foundation is equal or less than…

The aggregates are classified based on shape, size, density, Geographical Origin. We have discussed the same in detail on the classification of aggregates. Based on their transportation and origin, they are classified as transported soil and residual soil. What is transported soil and residual soil? The deposited soil transported from…

The minimum depth of shallow foundation formula has invented by Rankine. We shall see some of the building was constructed by the Shallow foundation (Isolated footing, Combined footing or RR Masonry) & some other deep foundation (Mat foundation, Pile foundation) Why?.

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