We may face a common problem with the types of the load while designing the structure. In fact, we have to give priority to the loads while design the structure because a simple mistake will give huge impact.

When a designer before starting the structure design, they consider the following types of loads.

A weight or stress applied to someone or something is called Load.

Simple!. Self-weight or own weight of the structure components, material etc., it’s called Dead Load. The dead load of Wall, Slab, floor & foundation has calculated while designing the structure. We should know the approx self-weight of the material while design.

Sl. NoMaterialWeight Kn/Cum
1Brick Masonry18.8
2Stone Masonry25
3Plain Cement Concrete24
4Reinforced Cement Concrete25
5Steel78.5
6Wood8

In a Structure, all movable substance like people, vehicle, furniture those all given a movable load to the structure its called Live Load. A load which does not act permanently is called Imposed Load.

1Floors2
2Educational Buildings4
3Bank3
4Garages4-7.5
5Staircase & Balconies5

From last two decades, the wind load has considered an important parameter while designing the structure. Mostly wind load factor has considered when the structure height is above 10m. The wind load is acting horizontally on the structure & inclined to the roof it did not collapse the structure but affect the structural strength.

The snow did not fall in every country based on requirement it may consider. The quantity of snow shall deposit on the building is called Snow load, it was estimated approximately for designing.

Snow load was calculated by below formula

S = µS0

S – Value of Snow Load             µ – Co-efficient of Shape     S0 – Snow load @ ground

Due to the force majeure like an earthquake, Tsunami, etc., the structure will affect crucially which is not possible rebuild.

As above said, we illustrated the types of loads. But we shall discuss some other types of loads just for our knowledge.