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Bala

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Bala is a Civil Engineer who has more than 9+ Years of experience in planning & costing in Infrastructure. He is the author, editor of Civil Planets.

The brick size will vary based on different country standards. The standard size of brick has been mentioned in IS code 1077. Brick Size in India In general, there are four standard sizes of bricks used in India. Modular Brick / Metric Bricks – 190 x 90 x 90 mm.…

Like types of chains used in chain surveying, there are equipment and accessories that are used in plane table surveying. Each instrument contributes to the performance of the plane table surveying.  As parallelism is the principle of the plane table survey, the following items help to attain that perfectly. Plane…

What is the Charpy impact test used for? The Charpy impact test used to determine the resistance capacity of metal (steel) specimen against sudden impact load of a pendulum which swung from a certain height. The other name of the Charpy impact test is the Charpy V-notch test because of…

Surveying is the preliminary and primary step to kickstart any kind of project properly.  There are different types of surveying methods available to discover the earth’s surface. The right surveying method is chosen depending on the size and existence of hindrances on the land. The plane table surveying is one…

Yes!… The steel contains high tensile strength, and that’s why it is prefered in concrete. However, not every steel provides the same yield strength. It differs based on its constituents. Constituent Fe 415 Fe 415D Fe 500 Fe 500D Fe 550 Fe 550D Fe 600 Carbon 0.3 0.25 0.3 0.25…

We knew that the improper compaction of concrete would reduce the strength of the concrete element. Same applies for soil. Both the compaction and consolidation process is involved in construction to make changes in the volume of soil.  Since the ground soil is often removed from its origin for different…

You may have seen water dripping under the concrete surface (roof) because of the concrete surface’s tiny pore presence. Concrete must be impermeable, which should prevent water penetration. At times it loses the impermeable capacity due to the improper quality of materials and water-cement ratio. Effects of Water Seepage Water…

The primary purpose of using coarse aggregates is to enhance the strength of the concrete. Moreover, the coarse aggregates will easily blend with other concrete ingredients and make it as a homogeneous element. The impact value test has been conducted on aggregate to determine its bearing capacity against sudden impact. …

The material wastage is the major problem in construction that affects the project cost significantly. Some material wastages like bricks that could be reusable for brick bat coba, and some can’t be reused again in construction. However, we can not completely stop the wastages from happening while working, but we…

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